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The embedded derivative or equity component is recognized in equity for an amount corresponding to the difference between the nominal amount of the issue and the value attributed to the debt component.

Costs are allocated to the two components based on the proportion of the total nominal amount represented by each component. The difference between interest expense recognized in accordance with IAS 39 and the interest paid is added to the carrying amount of the debt component at each period-end, so that the carrying amount at maturity of unconverted bonds corresponds to the redemption price.

N.6. Other financial liabilities

Other financial liabilities are measured at amortized cost. Amortized cost is determined by the effective interest method, taking into account the costs of the issue and any issue or redemption premiums.

O. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash at bank and in hand, and short-term investments in money market instruments. These instruments have maturities of less than three months and are readily convertible into known amounts of cash; their exposure to changes in value is minimal.

P. Liabilities of assets classified as held for sale

In accordance with IFRS 5 “Non-Current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations”, this item includes all the liabilities (excluding equity) related to assets or a disposal group classified as held for sale (see note 1.E.7).

Q. Put Options granted by Accor

IAS 32 “Financial Instruments: disclosures and presentation” requires that the value of the financial commitment represented by put options granted by Accor to minority interests in subsidiaries, be recognized as a debt. The difference between the debt and the related minority interests in the balance sheet, corresponding to the portion of the subsidiary’s net assets represented by the shares underlying the put, is recognized as goodwill. When the exercise price is equal to the fair value of the shares, the amount of the debt is determined based on a multiple of the EBITDA reflected in the 5-year business plan of the subsidiary concerned and is discounted.

For put options granted before January 1, 2010, changes in the debt arising from business plan adjustments are recognized in goodwill. Discounting adjustments are recognized in financial expense.

For put options granted on or after January 1, 2010, changes in the debt are treated as reclassifications in equity and therefore have no impact on profit, in accordance with IAS 27 (revised).

R. Income statement and cash flow statement presentation

R.1. Revenue

In accordance with IAS 18 “Revenue”, revenue corresponds to the value of goods and services sold in the ordinary course of business by fully and proportionally consolidated companies. It includes:

a for directly owned and leased hotels, all revenue received

from clients for accommodation, catering and other services;


a for managed and franchised hotels, all management and franchise fees.

In accordance with IAS 18 “Revenue”, revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, net of all discounts and rebates, VAT, other sales taxes and fair value of customer loyalty programs.

Revenue from product sales is recognized when the product is delivered and the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the buyer.

Revenue from sales of services is recognized when the service is rendered.

Revenue from sales of loyalty programs is recognised on a straight-line basis over the life of the cards in order to reflect the timing, nature and value of the benefits provided.

When sales of products or services are covered by a customer loyalty program, the revenue invoiced to the customer is allocated between the product or the service sold and the award credits given by the third party granting the loyalty points. The consideration allocated to the award credits, which is measured by reference to the fair value of the points granted, is deferred and recognized as revenue when the customer redeems the award credits – i.e. when an award is received in exchange for converting the loyalty points.


Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, amortization and rental expense and share of profit of associates after tax (EBITDAR) correspond to revenue less operating expense.